Saturday, January 18, 2014


Kuna mengi yamehifadhiwa ndani ya Maktaba hii ya historia iliyojengwa kwa ushirikiano wa jamii ya watu toka taifa la India na Watanganyika (kabla ya uhuru) ni maktaba iliyoko barabara ya Posta katika kiunga cha Pizeria jijini Mwanza.
Jengo hili lilipewa jina la kiongozi huyu kutokana na mchango mkubwa alioutoa kuanzia wazo la ujenzi, fedha alizoweka kama mchango wake, ushauri na kadhalika.
Vitabu vinavyopatikana ndani ya maktaba hii vimeshiba busara na historia ya kujenga viongozi wa sasa na kesho.
Sehemu ya majina ya waliochangia ujenzi wa maktaba hii sanjari na viwango vyao vya fedha, katika ukumbi huu hapa ndipo Mkutano wa Kwanza wa Viongozi wa Chama cha kupigania Uhuru wa Afrika ulifanyika.
Kiwango cha chini kilikuwa ni shilingi 51 na centi 25
An angle.

Pan-African Leaders
       W.E.B. DuBois was one of the first African-Americans to support the idea of Pan-Africanism.  He attended the first Pan-African Conference in London in 1900.  He later organized the conferences held in Europe and in America.

       Although Dubois was a significant leader in the  origins of the Pan-African  Movement, it is imperative to understand why the imperialist powers were able to continue to exploit Africa.  We can begin with the relationship between the Western world and leaders like Julius Nyerere and Kwame Nkrumah.  Western governments encouraged them to provide limited welfare measures, particularly health care and education.

 The World bank underwrote their schemes for industrialization and agricultural development.  The colonial authorities ha, in many cases, drawn up plans for these projects before independence was granted.  Tanzania under Nyerere became on of the world's largest recipients of the World Bank loans.  Without this support, the Pan-Africanists' administration would not still  be existent.

        Nkrumah was the first of the Pan-African leaders to come to power.  His journey from prison cell to government was a pattern that was to be followed in an increasing number of colonies, as the British sought to maintain their power in Africa.  The more Nkrumah cooperated, however, their suspicion of Pan-Africanists resided.

       Joseph Stalin was the next great influence during the time of World War II.  To continue the progress of the movement, he disarmed the worker's movement.  After Stalin had done this, he attempted to make an alliance with other world powers by selling oil to Mussolini when he invaded Ethiopia and signed a pact with Hitler.  When Stalin tried to make an alliance with Great Britain, he ordered members of the communist party to drop their support for anti-colonial movements.  This discredited socialism in the eyes of many supporters, impacting India the most.

       The betrayal of the Indian anti-colonial struggle had indirectly affected the Pan-African movement (at this time, the organization was still American based.)  George Padmore, a leading West Indian communist party member decided to leave the communist party and join the Pan-African movement.  He successfully turn this organization into an African based movement by portraying it as the only combat to the imperialistic struggle.

       Pan-Africanist leaders were able to maintain the ability to do as they see fit, mainly because of the Cold War.  If they decided to step over their boundaries, however, they could have been become an enemy to the western world.  Actually, the Belgian, British, and U.S. governments all concluded that Patrice Lumumba had to be murdered when he called on the Soviet troops to support his government in the Congo.  On the other hand, others like Nyerere survived because of the support he gave the Western governments during the Cold War.

 A very persuasive quote by Marcus Garvey states:
     UP!UP! You Mighty Race! You can Accomplish What you will! I repeat that God created you masters of your own destiny, masters of your own fate, and you can pay no higher tribute to your Divine Master than function as man, as He created you. "A people without knowledge of their past and history is like a tree without roots!" AFRICA FOR THE AFRICANS!

       Even today, some experts partly blame the Pan-Africanists for the continued exploitation of Africa.  This is concluded because they continued to pursue economic and political policies that has kept Africa bound by the world powers.

Tupe maoni yako


Post a Comment

Note: Only a member of this blog may post a comment.